His influence today extends across the globe from Fox in the US to Star TV in Asia, and the Sun and Sky in the UK. He is courted by presidents and prime ministers, and his personal fortune is estimated at $7.8bn, or £4.53bn.
Born in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on 11 March 1931, Rupert Murdoch is an Australian global media executive and is the controlling shareholder, chairman and managing director of News Corporation, based in New York City in the United States.
Murdoch began his career with newspapers, magazines and television stations in his native Australia, but soon expanded into the British and American media market. John Pilger’s film ‘Breaking the Mirror’ looks back on how Murdoch broke into the British market.
Breaking The Mirror by John Pilger*
Over the last twenty five years his company News Corporation has become an omnipotent force in satellite television, the film industry, the Internet, and other forms of media. Murdoch is one of the few chief executives of any multinational media corporation who has a controlling ownership share in the corporation. In Murdoch’s case, it is via a family corporation. His power, control and influence is virtually unparalleled in the world today (see holdings listed below). Murdoch uses his media empire to promote his own view of the world – pro-war, anti-union, anti-Europe, anti-minorities. His biggest business interest is government and making sure that he is on the side of the winner.
News Corporation uses the combined power of its consolidated media assets to push out rivals and with its combined holdings worldwide has virtually a monopoly of control over the mass media. An ever tightening stranglehold on what people see, read, think and know about the world that they live in. Murdoch talks of a ‘level playing field’ but in fact has acted to set up monopolies and destroy diversity. For example, he has tried to destroy his competitors in British satellite broadcasting and some 5 years ago tried to destroy the British newspaper The Independent by selling the Times below cost.
The truth is the very nature of capitalism is to move towards monopoly if not regulated and the idea that markets function better without state interference is nonsense. Without interference, markets turn into monopolies. Murdoch’s power is literally out of control and there are no moral constraints at all.
An example of Sky’s reporting of world news: George Galloway interview 2006
His media advocate anything that will please the powerful – from baiting the left on Fox or Sky News (see above) to creating anti-asylum hysteria. News Corp manufactures politics and social values. Tabloids like ‘The Sun’ in the UK, condition the social values of children and adults alike. Murdoch’s media has been a major force in creating more conservative and far right politics across the globe. They have almost single-handedly in their radio and television dominance, produced a coarse and vulgar culture that celebrates the most demeaning characteristics in the human psyche — greed, deceit, and cheating as a legitimate way to win (as in the various “reality” shows).
The following interviews are taken from the film “Outfoxed”. They provide an in-depth look into how News Corp’s Fox News operates and expose the dangers of ever-enlarging corporations taking control of the public’s right to know. The film explores the impact on society when a broad swath of media is controlled by one person.
Media experts, including Jeff Cohen (FAIR) Bob McChesney (Free Press), Chellie Pingree (Common Cause), Jeff Chester (Center for Digital Democracy) and David Brock (Media Matters) provide context and guidance for the story of Fox News and its effect on society.
This documentary also reveals the secrets of Former Fox news producers, reporters, bookers and writers who expose what it’s like to work for Fox News. These former Fox employees talk about how they were forced to push a “right-wing” point of view or risk their jobs. Some have even chosen to remain anonymous in order to protect their current livelihoods. As one employee said “There’s no sense of integrity as far as having a line that can’t be crossed.”
Outfoxed: Rupert Murdoch’s War on Journalism (Interviews)
The Outfoxed interviews are available under a Creative Commons license allowing anyone to sample them freely in their own works. Even Fox News.
Director Robert Greenwald
For more information See Outfoxed
An example of how Fox slant their news:
Take note of and boycott all Murdoch’s media listed below!
Below is a country by country list of News Corporation’s holdings:
- HarperCollinsbook publishing company
- ZondervanChristian book publisher
- Youth Specialties – organisation helping youth workers worldwide through training seminars and conventions, resources and the internet.
- Inspirio – religious gift production.
- Australia published by News Limited.
- The Australian (Nationwide)
- Community Media Group (16 QLD & NSW suburban/regional titles)
- Cumberland-Courier Newspapers (26 suburban/commuter titles)
- The Courier-Mail (Queensland)
- The Sunday Mail (Queensland)
- The Cairns Post (Cairns, Queensland)
- The Gold Coast Bulletin (Gold Coast, Queensland)
- The Townsville Bulletin (Townsville, Queensland)
- The Daily Telegraph (New South Wales)
- The Sunday Telgraph (New South Wales)
- Herald Sun (Victoria)
- Sunday Herald Sun (Victoria)
- The Weekly Times (Victoria)
- Leader Newspapers (33 suburban Melbourne, VIC titles)
- MX (Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane CBD)
- The Geelong Advertiser (Geelong, Victoria)
- The Advertiser (South Australia)
- The Sunday Mail (South Australia)
- Messenger Newspapers (11 suburban Adelaide, SA titles)
- The Sunday Times (Western Australia)
- The Mercury (Tasmania)
- Quest Newspapers (19 suburban Brisbane, QLD titles)
- The Sunday Tasmanian (Tasmania)
- Northern Territory News (Northern Territory)
- The Sunday Territorian (Northern Territory)
- The Tablelands Advertiser (Atherton Tablelands and the Far North, Queensland)
- Papua New Guinea
- Papua New Guinea Post-Courier (National)(62.5%)
- UK and Ireland newspapers, published by subsidiaries of News InternationalLtd.
- News Group Newspapers Ltd.
- Times Newspapers Ltd.
- NI Free Newspapers Ltd.
- the free newspaper thelondonpaper
- US newspapers and magazines
- The New York Post
- Dow Jones & Company
- Consumer Media Group
- Enterprise Media Group
- Dow Jones Newswires – global, real-time news and information provider.
- Factiva – provides business news and information together with content delivery tools and services.
- Dow Jones Indexes – stock market indexes and indicators, including the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
- Dow Jones Financial Information Services – produces databases, electronic media, newsletters, conferences, directories, and other information services on specialised markets and industry sectors.
- Betten Financial News – leading Dutch language financial and economic news service.
- Local Media Group
- Ottoway Community Newspapers – 8 daily and 15 weekly regional newspapers.
- STOXX (33%)- joint venture with Deutsche Boerse and SWG Group for the development and distribution of Dow Jones STOXX indices.
- Vedomosti (33%) – Russia’s leading financial newspaper (joint venture with Financial Times and Independent Media).
- SmartMoney (50%)
- The Timesledger Newspapers of Queens, New York:
- Bayside Times, Whitestone Times, Flushing Times, Fresh Meadows Times, Little Neck Ledger, Jackson Heights Times, Richmond Hill Times, Jamaica Times, Laurelton Times, Queens Village Times, Astoria Times, Forest Hills Ledger, Ridgewood Ledger, Howard Beach Times
- The Courier-Life Newspapers in Brooklyn
- The Brooklyn Paper
- Caribbean Life
- The Times-Herald Record (Middletown, New York)
- News America Marketing (Smartsource) (weekly Sunday newspaper coupon insert/website)
- Alpha Magazine
- Australian Country Style
- Australian Golf Digest
- Australian Good Taste
- Big League
- Donna Hay
- Fast Fours
- GQ (Australia)
- Gardening Australia
- InsideOut (Aust)
- Lifestyle Pools
- Live to Ride
- Overlander 4WD
- Modern Boating
- Modern Fishing
- Pure Health
- Super Food Ideas
- Truck Australia
- Truckin’ Life
- twowheels scooter
- Vogue (Australia)
- Vogue Entertaining & Travel
- Vogue Living
- InsideOut (UK Based Magazine)
Music and radio
- MySpace Records
- Nashe (50%)
- Best FM (50%)
- Fox Film Music Group
- 50% of the National Rugby League (Australia and New Zealand)
- Majority ownership of the Brisbane Broncos (68.9%) and, full ownership of the Melbourne Storm rugby league team.
- Colorado Rockies (15%)
- Fox Filmed Entertainment: 20th Century Fox’s parent company
- 20th Century Fox: a film production company
- 20th Century Fox Television – primetime television programming.
- 20th Television – television distribution (syndication).
- Fox Searchlight Pictures – specialised films.
- Fox 2000 Pictures – general audience feature films.
- Fox Television Studios(productions)- market specific programming eg. COPS.
- Fox Television Studios International
- Fox World Productions
- Fox World Australia
- Fox TV Studios France
- Fox TV Studios India
- Natural History New Zealand – natural world documentaries, non-fiction programming.
- Fox Atomic – produces theatrical films, comics, and digital content targeting the 17-24 year olds. Aiming to produce/acquire eight films per year over a range of genres, specifically action and horror
- Fox Faith – Promotion and distribution of Christian and related “family friendly” movies on DVD and some theatrical release.
- Fox Studios Australia, Sydney, New South Wales
- Blue Sky Studios – production of CGI films eg. Ice Age.
- Fox Entertainment Group
- New Regency Productions (20%) – general audience feature films.
- Regency Enterprises (20%) – parent company of New Regency Productions (50%).
- Fox Broadcasting Company (FOX), a US broadcast television network
- My Network TV, a US broadcast television network
- Fox Television Stations Group, a group of owned and operated Fox television stations
- Saeta TV Channel 10, channel of Uruguay
- ITV plc (17.5%), a British broadcast television network and the UK’s largest advertising revenue based broadcaster via BSkyB, although a recent legal decision will require this stake to be cut.
- News Corp Europe
- bTV, a broadcast television network in Bulgaria
- B1 TV (12,5%), a broadcast television network in Romania, in partnership with Ismar International NVkkkk
- Fox Televizija, a broadcast television network in Serbia (49%)
- Fox Turkey, a Turkish terrestrial channel (56,5%) (formerly TGRT)
- Imedi Media Holding (100%), a Georgianradio and TV broadcaster.
- Imedi Television
- Radio Imedi
- Israel 10 (9%), a terrestrial channel in Israel.
- LNT (100%), a terrestrial channel in Latvia
- TV5 Riga (100%), a terrestrial channel in Latvia
- ANTV (20%), a private television station in Indonesia, under the administration and label of STAR TV
- Prime Television New Zealand – commercial TV station, interest held through stake in SKY Network Television
- BSkyB, United Kingdom (39.1% holding).
- Foxtel (25%), Australia, a joint venture with Telstra and Publishing and Broadcasting Limited
- SKY Network Television , New Zealand (44%)
- Sky Italia, Italian satellite TV service
- Fox Channels Italy, Italian Broadcast and Production Company (with 2 HDTV)
- Sky Latin America, Latin American satellite TV service
- Sky Deutschland (39.96%), Germany’s largest pay TV provider
- STAR TV, an Asian satellite TV service having 300 million viewers in 53 countries (it acquired Vijay TV and Asianet, two prominent south indian networks)
- Phoenix Television (17.6%), satellite TV network with landing rights in Hong Kong, and select provinces on Mainland China
- Tata Sky (20%), an Indian DTH TV service (in partnership with Tata Group)
Cable channels owned (in whole or part) and operated by News Corporation include:
- Fox Business Network, a business news channel.
- Fox Classics, a channel airing classic TV shows & movies
- Fox Movie Channel, an all-movie channel that airs commercial-free movies from 20th Century Fox film library
- Fox News Channel, a 24-hour news channel
- Fox Reality, a ‘Reality TV‘-themed channel
- Fox Sports Net, a chain of US regional cable television networks broadcasting local sporting events linked together by national sports news programming. Local channels include “Fox Sports Southwest“, “Fox Sports Detroit“, etc. (some affiliates are owned by Cablevision).
- Fox College Sports, a college sports network consisting of three regionally-aligned channels, mostly with archived Fox Sports Net programs but also some live and original content.
- Fox Sports International
- Fox Soccer Channel, a United States digital cable network specializing mainly in soccer.
- Fox Sports Middle East – English language sports network airing in Middle East countries including Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, UAE & Yemen.
- Fox Pan American Sports (37.9%) – joint venture with Hicks, Muse, and Tate & Furst.
- FX Networks, a cable network broadcasting reruns of programming previously shown on other channels, but recently creating its own programming, including the Emmy Award-winning programs The Shield and Damages.
- SPEED Channel
- FUEL TV
- Big Ten Network, cable and satellite channel dedicated to The Big Ten Conference, launched Aug 2007 (49%)
- National Geographic Channel (joint venture with National Geographic Magazine) 67%
- National Geographic Channel International 75%
- Fox International Channels, domestic cable channels offering different formats of Fox programming in over thirty countries worldwide.
- Fox Life
- Fox Life HD
- Fox Crime
- Fox Horror
- Fox Movies
- Fox Sports
- Speed Channel
- National Geographic Channel
- National Geographic Channel HD
- National Geographic Wild
- National Geographic Adventure
- National Geographic Music
- National Geographic Junior
- Real Estate TV
- Fox Toma 1 – Spanish language television production.
- Fox Telecolombia – Spanish language television production. (51%)
- Utarget.Fox – European and Latin American online ad company, plus now handles TV ad sales.
- Latin America
- Fox Latin American Channels – channels available in over 17 countries in Latin America
- Baby TV
- Canal FOX
- Canal FX
- Canal Fox Life
- Canal Fox Reality
- Canal Fox Sports
- Canal Speed
- Canal National Geographic Channel
- Fox One-Stop Media – advertising sales for company owned and third party channels in Latin America
- LAPTV (22.5%) (Latin American Pay Television) operates 8 cable movie channels throughout South America excluding Brazil.
- Movie City
- Cine Canal
- Cine Canal Classics
- City Vibe
- City Mix
- The Film Zone
- Movie City HD
- Movie City On Demand
- Telecine(12.5%) operates 5 cable movie channels in Brazil.
- Telecine Premium
- Telecine Action
- Telecine Light
- Telecine Pipoca
- Telecine Cult
- Fox Latin American Channels – channels available in over 17 countries in Latin America
- Hathway Cable & Datacom (22.2%), India’s 2nd largest cable network through 7 cities including Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai & Pune
- Total TV (20%), Pay TV platform with JV partner KOO’s Group majority owner (80%). News Corp also has a 20% interest in the KOO’s Group directly
- Fox Interactive Media
- Foxsports.com – website with sports news, scores, statistics, video and fantasy sports
- MySpace – Social networking website, general interest website acquired through purchase from Intermix Media
- MySpace TV, a video site which will host amateur videos, contents from net and studios that competes with Google’s YouTube
- Photobucket – Photo sharing website.
- Beliefnet – Largest online faith and spirituality network.
- Hulu (45%) – online video download site in partnership with NBC Universal and The Walt Disney Company.
- Flektor – provides Web-based tools for photo and video editing and mashups.
- IGN Entertainment – Internet entertainment portal (Includes the sites IGN, GameSpy, Rotten Tomatoes, TeamXbox, and Askmen.com)
- Slingshot Labs – web development incubator (Includes the sites DailyFill).
- Strategic Data Corp – interactive advertising company which develops technology to deliver targeted internet advertising.
- WhatIfSports.com – sports simulation and prediction website. Also provides fantasy-style sports games to play.
- Indya.com – ‘India’s no. 1 Entertainment Portal’
- ROO Group Inc (5% increasing to 10% with performance targets)
- News Digital Media
- REA Group (60.7%)
- Casa.it (69.4%), Sky Italia also holds a 30.6% share
- atHome group, operator of leading realestate websites in Luxembourg, France, Belgium and Germany.
- Altowin (51%),provider of office management tools for realestate agents in Belgium.
- Propertyfinder.com(50%), News International holds the remaining 50%
- Sherlock Publications, owner of hotproperty.co.uk portal and magazine titles ‘Hot Property’, ‘Renting’ and ‘Overseas’
- ukpropertyshop.co.uk, most comprehensive UK estate agent directory.
- PropertyLook, property websites in Australia and New Zealand.
- HomeSite.com.au, home renovation and improvement website.
- Square Foot Limited, Hong Kong’s largest English Language property magazine and website
- Primedia – Holding co. of Inside DB, a Hong Kong lifestyle magazine.
- TadpoleNet Media (10%) Hosts of ArmySailor.com
- New Zealand
- NDS– Conditional access technology and personal digital video recorders (PVRs) (49%)
- Timothy Coville
- ITE, publisher of Playstation and Mobile games, and interactive television
- Orbis Technology, supplier of online gambling software
- Broadsystem Ltd (UK) – Telephony provider for media companies, bought in 1991
- Broadsystem Australia (Australia)
- Broadsystem Ventures (UK) – provider of cheap-rate telephone calls, particularly for customers of Sky Television. Bought outright in 1999.
- Jamba! – Mobile Entertainment/Mobile Handsets Personalisation/Games.
- News Outdoor Group– Largest outdoor advertising company in Eastern Europe with over 70,000 ads including billboards and bus shelters, operating in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, India, Israel, Poland, Romania, Russia (96 cities), Turkey & Ukraine.
- Maximedia Israel (67%)
- Mosgorreklama (50%) – Russia sign and marketing material manufacturer
- Kamera Acikhava Reklamclik (?) – leading outdoor advertising company in Turkey
- Australian Associated Press (45%) – real time news service.
- Stats Inc (50%) – worlds leading provider of sporting information and statistical analysis (a JV with Associated Press)
- Fox Sports Grill (50%) – Upscale sports bar and restaurant with 7 locations – Scottsdale, Arizona; Irvine, California; Seattle, Washington; Plano, Texas; Houston, Texas; San Diego, California; and Atlanta, Georgia.
- Fox Sports Skybox (70%) – Sports fan’s Bar & Grill at Staples Center and 6 airport restaurants.
- News America Marketing (US) – (100%) – nation’s leading marketing services company, products include a portfolio of in-store, home-delivered and online media under the SmartSource brand.
For up-to-date listings of holdings go to the News Corporation website
See also: Inside the world of Rupert Murdoch